History of the Food and Drugs Authority, Ghana


Before 1990, the control of drugs and the practice of the pharmacy profession were under the Pharmacy and Drugs Act (Act 64) 1961.

In 1990, the Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC) passed the Narcotics Drugs Control, Enforcement and Sanctions Law (PNDCL 236).

This law established the Narcotics Control Board to deal with the rising incidence of drug abuse in the country and the threatening dimensions that illicit drug dealing had taken internationally.

In 1992, the PNDC separated the control of drugs other than narcotics from the practice of Pharmacy.

The Food and Drugs Law, 1992 (PNDC 305B) was then enacted to control the manufacture, importation, exportation, distribution, use and advertisements of food, drugs, cosmetics, chemical substances and medical devices.

The Food and Drugs Board was established by the Food and Drugs Law 1992 (PNDCL 305B) which was amended by the Food and Drugs (Amendment) Act 523, 1996, to provide for the fortification of salt to alleviate nutritional deficiencies and to bring the provisions of the law in conformity with the 1992 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana.

The Pharmacy Act 1994 (Act 489) was subsequently passed in 1994 to establish the Pharmacy Council to control the practice of the Pharmacy profession and the registration of Pharmacists.

Although the Food and Drugs Law was passed as far back as 1992, it was not until 26th August 1997 that the first Board was inaugurated.

The Food and Drugs Board, however, became an Authority with the name Food and Drugs Authority in 2012 by the passage of the Public Health Act, 2012, Act 851

Read Also >>> PUBLIC HEALTH ACT, 2012 (ACT 851) OF GHANA