Businessman and leading member of NPP in the Takoradi Constituency, Mr. Bernard Oduro Nyarko has debunked claims by Mr. John Kumah that it is a crime to refuse payment for services or products procured from any business owner because of E-Levy.
Speaking on UTV’s Critical Issues program on Saturday, Mr. Nyarko said there is nowhere in the law backing the Tax that indicates that it is compulsory to effect or receive payment for any business transaction via mobile money or any other electronic platform.
Bernard Oduro Nyarko is Managing Director at Transafrica Group. Maersk Line, Olam international, Certified Oilfield Rentals, Overseas Shipping and Logistics.
WHAT IS THE E-LEVY?
The E-Levy is a Levy on all electronic transfers of money apart from those excluded by law.
WHAT IS THE RATE OF THE E-LEVY?
The rate is 1.5%
WHY HAS THE GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO LEVY ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS?
- To enhance domestic tax mobilisation and expand the tax base.
- To provide an opportunity for everyone to contribute towards national development
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR CHARGING THE E-LEVY?
The entities responsible for charging the Levy are;
- Mobile Money providers like MTN Momo, Vodafone Cash, AirtelTigo Money, Zeepay, GCB G-Money, and Yup Ghana, etc.
- Payment Service Providers (PSPs). They include eTranzact, JuniPay, Korba, Nsano, etc.
- Banks like Consolidated Bank Ghana (CBG), Agricultural Development Bank (ADB), etc.
- Specialised Deposit-Taking Institutions (SDIs) such as rural and community banks and savings and loans companies, finance houses, etc.
- Other Financial Institutions prescribed by Regulations.
WHEN WILL THE E-LEVY BE CHARGED?
When a person makes a transfer, the charging entity will add the Levy to the transfer amount and charge the person’s wallet or bank account.
WHO WILL BE COLLECTING THE E-LEVY?
The Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) will collect and account for the Levy.
WHAT TRANSFERS FALL UNDER THE E-LEVY?
The following transfers fall under the E_Levy:
- Mobile money transfers done between wallets on the same electronic money issuer– For example, sending money from your MTN Momo wallet to another person’s MTN Momo wallet.
- Transfers from a wallet on one electronic money issuer to a recipient on another electronic money issuer – For example sending money from your Vodafone Cash wallet to another person’s AirtelTigo wallet.
- Transfers from bank accounts to mobile money wallets: For example, Kofi transfers money from his CBG bank account to Ama’s G-Money wallet.
- Transfers from mobile money wallets to bank accounts: For example, Esi transfers money from her Zeepay wallet to Yayra’s bank account.
- Bank transfers on an instant pay digital platform or application which originates from a bank account belonging to an individual: For example, Kwame transferring money from his ADB account using the ADB app to Akua’s National Investment Bank account.
WHAT TRANSFERS ARE NOT COVERED BY THE E-LEVY?
The following transfers are excluded from the Levy:
- Cumulative transfer of GHS 100 per day made by the same person using mobile money: Everyone will be able to send up to GHS100 a day without paying the Levy.
- Transfer between accounts owned by the same person: If you are sending money to your own account, you will not be charged the E-Levy provided your bank or mobile money accounts are linked with your Ghana Card PIN. For example, a transfer from Naa’s AirtelTigo wallet to her MTN wallet or from her Fidelity bank account to her Prudential bank account, or from her CalBank savings account to her current or investment account will not attract the Levy because Naa has linked all accounts with her Ghana Card.
- Transfers for the payment of taxes, fees, and charges: Any payment of taxes, fees, or charges made using the Ghana.gov platform or other designated Government of Ghana payment systems will not attract the Levy.
- Electronic Clearing of Cheques: Clearing of cheques by banks and Specialised Deposit-Taking Institutions such as Savings and Loans companies, etc. will not attract the Levy.
- Specified Merchant Payments: Transfers made through an electronic payment service (mobile money, bank application, FinTech platform, etc.) to a commercial establishment which is registered with the Ghana Revenue Authority for the purposes of Income Tax or Value Added Tax are excluded.
- Transfers among principal, agent, and master-agent accounts: To avoid charging the Levy multiple times, transfers among principal, agent, and master-agent are excluded from the Levy.
ARE UTILITY AND AIRTIME PAYMENTS SUBJECT TO THE E-LEVY?
No, once the payment is a specialised merchant payment (refer to 8v) or one made through a government-designated system (refer to 8iii), the transfer amount will not attract the Levy.
ARE FOREIGN OR INWARD REMITTANCES SUBJECT TO THE LEVY?
No, remittances are excluded from the Levy.
WILL POINT-OF-SALE (POS) TRANSACTIONS ATTRACT THE E-LEVY?
No, as long as the POS transaction is a payment to a commercial establishment registered with the GRA for income tax or VAT purposes, The Levy will not apply.
WILL CASH-IN AND CASH-OUT FOR MOBILE MONEY ATTRACT THE E-LEVY?
No, both Cash-in and Cash-out are not subject to the E-Levy.
IF A PRIVATE SCHOOL IS PAYING ITS TEACHERS AND CASUAL WORKERS VIA MOBILE MONEY, WILL THE E-LEVY APPLY?
Transfers from the school’s corporate mobile money merchant wallet to teachers and casual workers via mobile money will attract the Levy.
However, the school is allowed to claim the levy as an allowable expense in its income statement.
WILL MOBILE MONEY WALLET BALANCES ATTRACT THE E-LEVY?
No, mobile money wallet balances will not attract the Levy. The Levy applies only when there is an electronic transfer from your mobile money wallet.
WILL MOBILE MONEY MERCHANT (AGENT) ACCOUNT TRANSFERS ATTRACT THE E-LEVY?
No. Transfers among principals, master-agents, and agents will not attract the E-Levy.
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- Electronic Transfer – a transaction carried out electronically on the initiative of an originator through an institution or platform to make available an amount of money to a beneficiary
- Electronic Money Issuer – a payment service provider who issues electronic money
- Merchant – a commercial establishment which has been registered with the Ghana Revenue Authority for income tax or value added tax purposes
- Specified merchant payments – payments made to merchants through a payment service to a person registered with the Ghana Revenue Authority for the purposes of income tax or value added tax