Bedbugs: Dealing With Infestation


Bedbugs are small, reddish-brown parasitic insects that bite the exposed skin of sleeping humans and animals to feed on their blood. They are roughly the size of an apple seed.

Although bedbugs aren’t known to spread disease, they can cause other public health and economic issues

An invasion of a type of bug that hides in beds, biting humans to feed on their blood. They infest homes, hotels, and hospitals. Bites are often itchy, red, and in a line. Bites usually disappear with time. Hydrocortisone creams and antihistamines may speed recovery. An exterminator can treat an infestation.

Scientists have fossilized bugs that are more than 3,500 years old. Its believed they originated in the Middle East, in caves that were used by both humans and bats, and in the ancient world they were often used as a home remedy


Bites are often itchy, red, and in a line. People may experience small bumps or redness on the skin. Also common itching or swelling.

Fecal stains or rust-colored dark spots, egg cases, and shed skins (exuviae) of bedbugs in crevices and cracks on or near beds are suggestive of infestations, but only observing the bugs themselves can confirm an active infestation. A professional pest control company may be required to help identify and remove bedbugs from the home.

Other signs that you have bedbugs include:

  • Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases.
  • Dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls.
  • Bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide.
  • An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands.

What is the main cause of bed bugs?

Any home is at risk of a bed bug infestation. Bed bugs are not a sign of a dirty home or poor personal hygiene. Bed bugs are hitchhikers – they travel to new places by hiding in furniture, suitcases, or other objects that get moved around.

Travel is widely recognized as the most common cause of bed bug infestations. Often unbeknownst to the traveler, bed bugs will hitchhike on people, clothing, luggage, or other personal belongings and be accidentally transported to other properties. Bed bugs can easily go unnoticed by humans.

They can come from other infested areas or from used furniture. They can hitch a ride in luggage, purses, backpacks, or other items placed on soft or upholstered surfaces. They can travel between rooms in multi-unit buildings, such as apartment complexes and hotels.

  • They usually concentrate in beds, including;
    • mattresses or mattress covers,
    • box springs and bed frames,
    • mattress seams and cracks,
    • curtains,
    • edges of carpet,
    • corners inside dressers and other furniture,
    • cracks in wallpaper (particularly near the bed),
  • recently used suitcases, bags, and other things that you have taken outside of your home, and
  • inside the spaces of wicker furniture.

However, it is important to note that bed bugs do not infest the sleeping surfaces of beds as commonly as cracks and crevices associated with the bed frame and mattress, including mattress seams.


Treatment consists of self-care. Bites usually disappear with time. Hydrocortisone creams and antihistamines may speed recovery. An exterminator can treat an infestation.

Hygiene: Personal cleanliness that promotes health and well-being. For example, washing hands before eating.

Disinfecting sheets and bedding: Washing and drying at the hottest possible temperature.

Pest control: Using insecticide through fumigation to kill insects such as bed bugs that can irritate the skin.

Steam – Bed bugs and their eggs die at 122°F (50°C). The high temperature of steam 212°F (100°C) immediately kills bed bugs. Apply steam slowly to the folds and tufts of mattresses, along with sofa seams, bed frames, and corners or edges where bed bugs may be hiding.